subtraction


subtraction
The offense of withholding or withdrawing from another man what by law he is entitled to. There are various descriptions of this offense, of which the principal are as follows:
(1) Subtraction of suit and services, which is a species of injury affecting a man's real property, and consists of a withdrawal of (or a neglect to perform or pay) the fealty, suit of court, rent, or services reserved by the lessor of the land.
(2) Subtraction of tithes is the withholding from the parson or vicar the tithes to which he is entitled, and this is cognizable in the ecclesiastical courts.
(3) Subtraction of conjugal rights is the withdrawing or withholding by a husband or wife of those rights and privileges which the law allows to either party.
(4) Subtraction of legacies is the withholding or detaining of legacies by an executor.
(5) Subtraction of church rates, in English law, consists in the refusal to pay the amount of rate at which any individual parishioner has been assessed for the necessary repairs of the parish church
@ subtraction of conjugal rights
The act of a husband or wife living separately from the other without a lawful cause. 3 Bl.Comm. 94.
See also subtraction
@

Black's law dictionary. . 1990.

Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Subtraction — Sub*trac tion, n. [L. subtractio a drawing back. See {Subtract}, and cf. {Substraction}.] 1. The act or operation of subtracting or taking away a part. [1913 Webster] 2. (Math.) The taking of a lesser number or quantity from a greater of the same …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Subtraction — Subtraction, subtrahiren, eine der 4 arithmetischen Species, welche von 2 gegebenen Größen (dem Minuendus d.h. dem zu Verkleinernden, und Subtrahendus d.h. Abzuziehenden) die Differenz od. den Unterschied aufsucht; ihr Zeichen ist – (lat. minus,… …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • subtraction — I noun abstraction, ademption, curtailment, decrease, decrement, deduction, diminution, discount, exception, lessening, reduction, removal, retrenchment, shortening, shrinkage, subduction, withdrawal II index curtailment, decrease, decrement,… …   Law dictionary

  • subtraction — c.1400, withdrawal, removal, from L.L. subtractionem (nom. subtractio) a drawing back, taking away, from pp. stem of L. subtrahere take away, draw off, from sub from under (see SUB (Cf. sub )) + trahere to pull, draw (see TRACT (Cf …   Etymology dictionary

  • subtraction — [səb trak′shən] n. [ML subtractio < LL(Ec), a drawing back] a subtracting or being subtracted; esp., the mathematical process of finding the difference between two numbers or quantities …   English World dictionary

  • Subtraction — 5 − 2 = 3 (verbally, five minus two equals three ) …   Wikipedia

  • subtraction — Compound Com pound, a. [OE. compouned, p. p. of compounen. See {Compound}, v. t.] Composed of two or more elements, ingredients, parts; produced by the union of several ingredients, parts, or things; composite; as, a compound word. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • subtraction — noun Etymology: Middle English subtraccion, from Anglo French sustraction, subtraction, from Late Latin subtraction , subtractio, from Latin subtrahere Date: 15th century an act, operation, or instance of subtracting: as a. the withdrawing or… …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • subtraction — subtract UK US /səbˈtrækt/ verb [T] ► to take a number or amount away from another number or amount: subtract sth from sth »The costs of manufacturing are subtracted from revenue. subtraction noun [C or U] ► »Net output can be calculated by… …   Financial and business terms

  • subtraction — n. to do subtraction * * * [səb trækʃ(ə)n] to do subtraction …   Combinatory dictionary